When it comes to maintaining optimal health, taking care of your kidneys should be a top priority. These small, bean-shaped organs play a vital role in removing waste products and excess fluid from the body, helping to regulate blood pressure, balance electrolyte levels, and produce red blood cells.
Unfortunately, kidney disease is a growing global health concern. According to the World Health Organization, around 10% of the world’s population is affected by chronic kidney disease, and this number is expected to rise due to factors such as aging populations and the increasing prevalence of conditions like diabetes and hypertension.
Fortunately, there are steps you can take to protect your kidney health, and one of them involves ensuring you have sufficient iron in your diet. Iron is an essential mineral that plays a crucial role in numerous bodily functions, including the production of healthy red blood cells.
Understanding Kidney Disease and Its Impact
Kidney disease, also known as renal disease, is a chronic condition that affects the proper functioning of the kidneys. The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs located on either side of the spine, below the ribcage. They play a crucial role in filtering waste products from the blood and regulating fluid balance in the body.
When the kidneys are unable to perform their functions effectively, waste products and fluid can build up in the body. This can lead to a range of symptoms and complications, including high blood pressure, loss of appetite, fatigue, and fluid retention, among others.
There are several causes of kidney disease, including diabetes, high blood pressure, and certain inherited conditions. Kidney disease can also develop as a result of other health conditions, such as autoimmune diseases, infections, and accidents.
The impact of kidney disease on an individual’s health and well-being can be significant. Chronic kidney disease is a progressive condition, meaning it worsens over time. As the disease progresses, the kidneys lose their ability to function properly, leading to a decline in overall health.
In the advanced stages of kidney disease, individuals may require dialysis or a kidney transplant to survive. These treatment options can be burdensome, time-consuming, and expensive.
Furthermore, kidney disease is associated with an increased risk of other health problems, such as cardiovascular disease, anemia, and bone disease. It can also affect a person’s mental health and quality of life.
Early detection, prevention, and management of kidney disease are essential to minimize its impact on an individual’s health. Regular check-ups, maintaining a healthy lifestyle, managing underlying health conditions, and avoiding certain medications or toxins known to be harmful to the kidneys can help protect kidney health.
The Role of Kidneys in the Body
The kidneys are vital organs in the human body that play a crucial role in maintaining overall health. They are responsible for various essential functions that are necessary for the proper functioning of the body.
One of the main functions of the kidneys is to filter waste products and excess fluids from the blood. They help regulate the balance of water, salts, and minerals in the body, ensuring that the levels are within the optimal range. This process helps maintain the proper composition of the blood and prevents the buildup of harmful substances.
Another important function of the kidneys is to produce urine. Urine helps eliminate toxins and waste products from the body. The kidneys also play a role in regulating blood pressure by producing hormones that control the expansion and contraction of blood vessels.
The kidneys are also responsible for maintaining the balance of several important substances in the body, such as potassium, sodium, and calcium. They ensure that these levels are within the normal range, which is crucial for proper muscle and nerve function.
Furthermore, the kidneys are involved in the production of red blood cells. They produce a hormone called erythropoietin, which stimulates the bone marrow to produce red blood cells. Red blood cells carry oxygen to different parts of the body, helping to maintain overall health and well-being.
Overall, the kidneys play a critical role in maintaining the balance of the body’s internal environment. Their functions are essential for the overall health and well-being of an individual. It is important to take steps to protect kidney health and prevent kidney disease, as any dysfunction in the kidneys can have serious consequences for the body.
The Prevalence and Effects of Kidney Disease
Kidney disease is a global health concern affecting millions of people worldwide. According to recent statistics, it is estimated that around 10% of the world’s population has some form of kidney disease. This makes it one of the most prevalent chronic diseases.
There are several factors that contribute to the prevalence of kidney disease, including aging population, diabetes, hypertension, obesity, and smoking. These conditions can all have a negative impact on the kidneys, leading to the development of kidney disease.
Kidney disease can have serious effects on a person’s health and well-being. When the kidneys are not functioning properly, waste products and toxins can build up in the body, causing a range of symptoms including fatigue, swelling, changes in urine output, and high blood pressure.
Moreover, kidney disease increases the risk of developing other health problems. For example, individuals with kidney disease are at a higher risk for cardiovascular disease, including heart attacks and strokes. They are also more likely to develop bone disease, anemia, and have an increased risk of infections.
It is important to raise awareness about kidney disease and its effects in order to promote early detection and prevention. Regular check-ups, maintaining a healthy lifestyle, and managing underlying health conditions such as diabetes and hypertension can all contribute to kidney health and reduce the risk of developing kidney disease.
By understanding the prevalence and effects of kidney disease, individuals can take proactive steps to protect their kidney health and improve their overall well-being.
Iron’s Crucial Role in Kidney Health
The importance of iron in maintaining kidney health cannot be overstated. Iron plays a crucial role in various functions of the kidneys, including oxygen transport, energy production, and antioxidant defense.
Oxygen transport is a vital function of the kidneys, as it ensures that the organs receive enough oxygen to perform their functions effectively. Iron is a key component of hemoglobin, a protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen from the lungs to the kidneys and other organs. Without sufficient iron, oxygen delivery to the kidneys could be compromised, leading to impaired kidney function.
In addition to oxygen transport, iron is also involved in energy production within the kidneys. The kidneys require a significant amount of energy to filter waste products and maintain electrolyte balance. Iron is a necessary component of enzymes involved in energy metabolism, ensuring that the kidneys have the energy they need to carry out these essential functions.
Furthermore, iron acts as an important antioxidant in the kidneys, protecting them from oxidative damage. Oxidative stress, which occurs when there is an imbalance between harmful free radicals and protective antioxidants, can contribute to kidney injury and disease. Iron-containing enzymes, such as catalase and superoxide dismutase, help neutralize free radicals and prevent oxidative damage to the kidneys.
While iron is essential for kidney health, it’s important to note that too much iron can be harmful. Iron overload, or excessive accumulation of iron in the body, can damage various organs, including the kidneys. Therefore, maintaining a proper balance of iron is crucial for kidney health.
In conclusion, iron plays a crucial role in maintaining kidney health. It is involved in oxygen transport, energy production, and antioxidant defense within the kidneys. Ensuring a proper balance of iron is essential for optimal kidney function and preventing kidney disease.
The Importance of Iron for the Body
Iron is an essential mineral that plays a vital role in the functioning of the human body. It is a key component of hemoglobin, a protein present in red blood cells that carries oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body. Furthermore, iron is involved in various enzymatic reactions and is essential for the production of energy.
Iron deficiency is a common problem worldwide and can lead to a condition called iron-deficiency anemia. Symptoms of iron deficiency include fatigue, weakness, pale skin, and impaired cognitive function. Inadequate iron levels can also compromise the immune system and increase susceptibility to infections.
Iron is especially important for children and teenagers as their bodies require more iron during growth and development. It supports brain development, aids in the production of red blood cells, and helps maintain a healthy immune system.
While iron is crucial for the body, it is important to consume it in the right amounts. Too little iron can lead to deficiency, while excessive iron can be harmful and contribute to the development of chronic diseases. Therefore, maintaining a balanced diet that includes iron-rich foods like lean meat, poultry, fish, legumes, and leafy green vegetables is essential.
In conclusion, iron plays a crucial role in maintaining overall health and well-being. It is essential for the production of red blood cells, energy production, and a properly functioning immune system. Ensuring an adequate intake of iron through a balanced diet is essential for everyone, especially children and teenagers.
The Link Between Iron Deficiency and Kidney Disease
Iron deficiency is a common health issue that affects millions of people worldwide. It is characterized by low levels of iron in the body, which can lead to various complications. One such complication is the development of kidney disease.
The kidneys play a crucial role in maintaining the body’s iron balance. They help regulate the production of a hormone called hepcidin, which controls the absorption and release of iron in the body. When the kidneys are not functioning properly, hepcidin levels can be disrupted, leading to iron deficiency.
On the other hand, iron deficiency itself can contribute to the progression of kidney disease. Studies have shown that low iron levels can impair kidney function and increase the risk of kidney damage. Iron is essential for the production of red blood cells, which carry oxygen to the kidneys. Without an adequate supply of iron, the kidneys may not receive enough oxygen, resulting in tissue damage and decreased function.
Furthermore, iron deficiency has been associated with an increased risk of certain kidney conditions, such as chronic kidney disease and acute kidney injury. It has been hypothesized that iron deficiency may promote inflammation and oxidative stress in the kidneys, which can contribute to the development of these conditions.
It is important to note that while iron deficiency can contribute to the development and progression of kidney disease, excessive iron levels can also be harmful. High levels of iron in the blood can promote the formation of free radicals, which can damage the kidneys and other organs. Therefore, maintaining optimal iron levels is crucial for kidney health.
Iron deficiency and kidney disease are closely linked. Iron deficiency can contribute to the development and progression of kidney disease, while kidney disease itself can lead to iron deficiency. Therefore, it is important to monitor iron levels and manage any deficiencies or excesses to protect kidney health.
How Iron Supplementation Can Help Prevent Kidney Disease
Iron supplementation plays a crucial role in the prevention of kidney disease. Research has shown that individuals with low iron levels are at a higher risk of developing kidney disease, as iron deficiency can lead to impaired kidney function.
Iron is an essential mineral that is responsible for carrying oxygen to various organs and tissues in the body, including the kidneys. By ensuring adequate iron levels, the kidneys are able to function optimally and maintain their normal filtration and excretion processes.
In addition to its role in oxygen transport, iron also plays a key role in the regulation of blood pressure. High blood pressure is a major risk factor for kidney disease, and studies have shown that iron supplementation can help lower blood pressure levels and reduce the risk of developing kidney damage.
Furthermore, iron supplementation has been found to improve the response to treatment in individuals with existing kidney disease. In patients with chronic kidney disease, iron therapy has been shown to increase red blood cell production and improve symptoms such as fatigue and weakness.
It is important to note that iron supplementation should be done under the guidance of a healthcare professional, as excessive intake of iron can have adverse effects on the body. A healthcare provider can determine the appropriate dosage and duration of iron supplementation based on an individual’s specific needs and medical history.
In conclusion, iron supplementation can play a crucial role in the prevention of kidney disease by ensuring adequate iron levels, regulating blood pressure, and improving the response to treatment in individuals with existing kidney disease. It is important to consult a healthcare professional for proper guidance on iron supplementation.
Dietary Recommendations for Kidney Health
In order to protect kidney health and prevent kidney disease, it is important to follow a healthy and balanced diet. The following are key dietary recommendations for promoting kidney health:
- Control your sodium intake: Consuming too much sodium can increase blood pressure, which is a risk factor for kidney disease. Limit your intake of processed foods and opt for fresh, whole foods instead.
- Monitor your protein consumption: While protein is an important nutrient, consuming excessive amounts can put strain on the kidneys. Consult with a healthcare professional to determine the appropriate amount of protein for your individual needs.
- Manage your potassium intake: Imbalanced potassium levels can cause complications for individuals with kidney disease. Limit consumption of high-potassium foods, such as bananas, oranges, and potatoes, and consult with a healthcare professional for specific recommendations.
- Control your phosphorus intake: High phosphorus levels can lead to mineral imbalances and contribute to kidney damage. Limit intake of foods that are high in phosphorus, such as dairy products, nuts, and processed meats.
- Stay hydrated: Adequate hydration is essential for kidney function. Drink plenty of water and, if necessary, consult with a healthcare professional to determine the appropriate amount of fluid intake for your individual needs.
- Monitor your alcohol consumption: Excessive alcohol consumption can put strain on the kidneys and worsen kidney function. Limit your alcohol intake or avoid it altogether to promote kidney health.
- Follow a balanced diet: Eat a varied diet that includes a mix of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and healthy fats. This will ensure that you get all the necessary nutrients for overall health, including kidney health.
By following these dietary recommendations, you can support your kidney health and reduce the risk of developing kidney disease. It is important to consult with a healthcare professional or a registered dietitian for personalized recommendations based on your specific needs and medical history.
Foods Rich in Iron to Support Kidney Function
Iron is an essential mineral that plays a crucial role in maintaining kidney health. Including foods rich in iron in your diet can help support kidney function and prevent the onset of kidney disease. Here are some iron-rich foods that you can incorporate into your meals:
- Lean red meats: Beef, lamb, and pork are excellent sources of heme iron, which is more easily absorbed by the body.
- Poultry: Chicken and turkey provide a good amount of iron, especially dark meat.
- Seafood: Fish like salmon, tuna, and sardines are not only packed with iron, but also omega-3 fatty acids that are beneficial for overall kidney health.
- Legumes: Beans, lentils, and chickpeas offer a high amount of iron, along with fiber and other important nutrients.
- Nuts and seeds: Almonds, cashews, pumpkin seeds, and sunflower seeds are all rich in iron, making them a healthy snack option.
- Spinach and other leafy greens: These vegetables are packed with iron, as well as other beneficial compounds like antioxidants and vitamin C that aid iron absorption.
- Quinoa: This grain is not only a good source of iron, but also contains all essential amino acids, making it a complete protein.
- Tofu: A popular plant-based protein, tofu is a great source of iron for vegetarians and vegans.
Remember to combine iron-rich foods with sources of vitamin C, such as citrus fruits, tomatoes, and bell peppers, as vitamin C enhances iron absorption. Maintaining a balanced diet that includes these iron-rich foods can help support the health of your kidneys and reduce the risk of kidney disease.
Other Nutrients Essential for Kidney Health and Iron Absorption
In addition to iron, there are other nutrients that are essential for maintaining kidney health and optimizing iron absorption in the body.
One such nutrient is vitamin C, which plays a crucial role in enhancing iron absorption. Vitamin C helps convert the plant-based form of iron, known as non-heme iron, into a form that is easier for the body to absorb. Citrus fruits, strawberries, and bell peppers are all excellent sources of vitamin C.
Another important nutrient for kidney health is omega-3 fatty acids. These healthy fats have been shown to reduce inflammation and oxidative stress, both of which can contribute to kidney damage. Sources of omega-3 fatty acids include fatty fish like salmon, mackerel, and sardines.
Furthermore, it is important to consume an adequate amount of protein to support kidney health. However, individuals with kidney disease may need to limit their protein intake, as excessive protein can put strain on the kidneys. It is recommended to consult a healthcare professional or registered dietitian for personalized protein recommendations.
Additionally, maintaining a balanced diet rich in antioxidants, such as vitamins A and E, is beneficial for kidney health. These antioxidants help protect the kidneys from damage caused by free radicals. Foods like carrots, sweet potatoes, spinach, and almonds are all good sources of these vitamins.
It is important to note that individual nutrient needs may vary depending on age, sex, activity level, and underlying health conditions. Consulting a healthcare professional or registered dietitian is recommended to ensure an appropriate nutrient intake for optimal kidney health and iron absorption.
Lifestyle Changes to Protect Kidney Health
While iron can be helpful in preventing kidney disease, there are also certain lifestyle changes that can contribute to overall kidney health. Incorporating these changes into your daily routine can help protect your kidneys and prevent any potential problems.
1. Stay hydrated: Drinking enough water is essential for maintaining proper kidney function. It helps to flush out toxins and waste products from the body, keeping your kidneys healthy. Aim to drink at least 8 glasses of water per day.
2. Eat a balanced diet: A healthy diet that includes a variety of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins can support kidney health. Avoid excessive intake of salt, sugar, processed foods, and high-protein diets, as they can put a strain on the kidneys.
3. Exercise regularly: Regular physical activity can help improve blood circulation and reduce the risk of chronic conditions like diabetes and high blood pressure, which can damage the kidneys. Aim for at least 30 minutes of exercise most days of the week.
4. Maintain a healthy weight: Being overweight or obese can increase the risk of developing kidney disease. Losing excess weight through a balanced diet and regular exercise can help reduce this risk and promote better kidney health.
5. Limit alcohol consumption: Excessive alcohol consumption can lead to dehydration and put a strain on the kidneys. It is important to drink alcohol in moderation and stay within the recommended limits.
6. Avoid smoking: Smoking can damage blood vessels and decrease blood flow to the kidneys, increasing the risk of kidney disease. Quitting smoking or avoiding it altogether can help protect your kidney health.
7. Manage chronic conditions: Conditions like diabetes and high blood pressure can contribute to kidney damage. It is important to manage these conditions through regular check-ups, medication, and lifestyle modifications to prevent kidney disease.
By making these lifestyle changes, you can take an active role in protecting your kidney health and reduce the risk of kidney disease. Remember to consult with your healthcare provider for personalized advice and recommendations.
The Role of Physical Activity in Kidney Disease Prevention
Physical activity plays a crucial role in maintaining overall health and well-being, and it is especially important for preventing kidney disease. Regular exercise has been shown to reduce the risk of developing chronic kidney disease (CKD) and delay its progression.
Engaging in physical activity helps to lower blood pressure and improve blood sugar control, two factors that can contribute to the development of kidney disease. Exercise also promotes weight loss and helps to maintain a healthy body weight, both of which are important for kidney health.
Additionally, physical activity plays a key role in preventing cardiovascular disease, which is closely linked to kidney disease. By improving cardiovascular health, exercise reduces the risk of developing conditions like heart disease and stroke, which can have a negative impact on kidney function.
Another benefit of regular exercise is its effect on reducing inflammation in the body. Chronic inflammation is a common feature of kidney disease, and by engaging in physical activity, individuals can help to reduce inflammation and protect their kidneys.
It is important to note that not all types of physical activity are equally beneficial for kidney disease prevention. Moderate-intensity activities, such as brisk walking, cycling, swimming, and dancing, are recommended for most individuals. It is also important to engage in activities that you enjoy, as this will increase the likelihood of maintaining a consistent exercise routine.
Before starting an exercise program, it is always a good idea to consult with a healthcare professional, especially if you have an existing medical condition. They can provide guidance on the most suitable type and intensity of exercise for your individual needs.
|Benefits of Physical Activity for Kidney Health:
|Lower blood pressure
|Improved blood sugar control
|Weight loss and maintenance
|Reduced risk of cardiovascular disease
Reducing Risk Factors for Kidney Disease
Kidney disease can have severe consequences for overall health and quality of life. However, there are several steps individuals can take to reduce their risk of developing kidney disease.
- Maintain a healthy blood pressure: High blood pressure can damage the blood vessels in the kidneys, leading to kidney disease. It is important to monitor blood pressure regularly and take steps to keep it within a healthy range.
- Control blood sugar levels: Diabetes is a leading cause of kidney disease. By managing blood sugar levels through diet, exercise, and medication, individuals can reduce their risk of developing kidney disease.
- Stay hydrated: Proper hydration helps the kidneys remove waste from the body. Drinking an adequate amount of water each day can help prevent kidney damage.
- Avoid excessive alcohol consumption: Excessive alcohol intake can cause kidney damage. It is important to drink alcohol in moderation or, for some individuals, avoid it altogether.
- Avoid smoking: Smoking can impair kidney function and increase the risk of kidney disease. Quitting smoking can have significant benefits for kidney health.
- Eat a balanced diet: A diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins can help support kidney health. Reducing sodium intake and limiting processed foods can also be beneficial.
- Exercise regularly: Regular physical activity can help maintain a healthy weight, lower blood pressure, and improve overall health, including kidney health.
- Avoid overuse of over-the-counter medications: Certain medications, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), can cause kidney damage if used excessively. It is important to follow the recommended dosage guidelines and consult a healthcare professional if necessary.
- Manage stress: Chronic stress can have negative effects on kidney health. Engaging in stress-reducing activities such as meditation, exercise, or hobbies can help protect kidney function.
By taking these steps, individuals can reduce their risk of developing kidney disease and promote overall kidney health.
Medical Interventions for Kidney Disease Prevention
While maintaining a healthy lifestyle is essential for kidney disease prevention, there are also medical interventions that can be utilized to further protect kidney health. These interventions may be recommended by healthcare professionals in specific cases and can help slow down the progression of kidney disease.
1. Medications: Depending on the underlying cause of kidney disease, medications may be prescribed to treat the condition and prevent further damage to the kidneys. Common medications used include angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE inhibitors) and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) to control blood pressure and reduce proteinuria.
2. Diet modifications: A registered dietitian can help create an individualized meal plan to manage kidney disease and prevent complications. This may involve reducing the intake of sodium, phosphorus, and potassium, as well as limiting the consumption of processed foods and added sugars.
3. Blood pressure management: High blood pressure is a common cause of kidney disease and can accelerate its progression. Healthcare professionals may prescribe medication to control blood pressure and recommend lifestyle changes such as regular exercise and stress reduction techniques.
4. Blood sugar control: For individuals with diabetes, managing blood sugar levels is crucial to prevent kidney disease. This may involve taking medications as prescribed, monitoring blood sugar regularly, and making dietary and lifestyle modifications to achieve optimal blood glucose control.
5. Regular check-ups: Regularly visiting a healthcare professional for check-ups and monitoring kidney function is important for early detection and intervention of kidney disease. This allows for timely adjustments to treatment plans and ensures that any potential complications are addressed promptly.
It is important to note that medical interventions should always be followed under the guidance of healthcare professionals and tailored to each individual’s needs. Following a comprehensive treatment plan, along with a healthy lifestyle, can greatly contribute to the prevention of kidney disease and the preservation of kidney health.
Regular Check-ups and Early Detection of Kidney Disease
Regular check-ups are essential in maintaining kidney health and detecting any potential kidney disease at an early stage. By visiting a healthcare professional regularly, individuals can ensure that their kidneys are functioning properly and catch any abnormalities before they progress into serious conditions.
During a check-up, healthcare professionals may perform various tests to assess kidney health. These may include:
- Blood tests to measure levels of waste products and electrolytes in the blood, such as creatinine and blood urea nitrogen (BUN)
- Urine tests to check for the presence of protein, blood, or other abnormalities
- Imaging tests, such as ultrasounds or CT scans, to visualize the kidneys and identify any structural issues
- Biopsy, in some cases, to obtain a tissue sample for further analysis
Early detection of kidney disease is crucial as it allows for timely intervention and management. If kidney disease is diagnosed in its early stages, there are often more treatment options available, and the progression of the disease can be slowed or even halted.
In addition to regular check-ups, there are certain signs and symptoms that individuals should be aware of, which may indicate kidney disease. These include:
- Persistent fatigue
- Changes in urine frequency or volume
- Swelling of the hands, feet, or face
- Blood in the urine
- Foamy urine
- High blood pressure
- Back pain, specifically in the kidney area
If any of these symptoms are experienced, it is important to seek medical attention promptly to determine the cause and receive appropriate treatment.
In conclusion, regular check-ups and early detection of kidney disease play a vital role in protecting kidney health. By monitoring kidney function and addressing any abnormalities or symptoms early on, individuals can prevent the progression of kidney disease and maintain optimal kidney function.
Treatment Approaches to Manage Kidney Disease and Preserve Function
When it comes to managing kidney disease and preserving kidney function, there are several treatment approaches that healthcare professionals may consider. The specific approach will depend on the underlying cause of the kidney disease and the individual patient’s condition.
One common treatment approach is medication therapy. Medications may be used to control blood pressure, reduce inflammation, lower cholesterol levels, or address underlying conditions such as diabetes or autoimmune disorders. These medications can help slow down the progression of kidney disease and protect the kidneys’ function.
Dietary modifications are also an important part of managing kidney disease. A diet low in sodium, protein, and phosphorus can help lessen the workload on the kidneys and minimize the risk of further damage. Patients may need to limit their intake of certain foods and fluids to maintain a healthy balance and prevent complications. In some cases, they may also require the assistance of a registered dietitian to develop a personalized meal plan.
In more advanced stages of kidney disease, dialysis or kidney transplant may be necessary. Dialysis is a procedure that filters waste products and excess fluid from the blood when the kidneys are no longer able to do so. It can be done through a machine (hemodialysis) or using the lining of the abdomen (peritoneal dialysis). A kidney transplant involves surgically replacing a failed kidney with a healthy one from a living or deceased donor.
In addition to these treatment approaches, lifestyle modifications play a crucial role in managing kidney disease and preserving kidney function. Regular exercise, maintaining a healthy weight, quitting smoking, and managing stress levels can all contribute to better kidney health. Patients should also follow their healthcare provider’s instructions regarding medications and regular check-ups to closely monitor their kidney function.
Overall, a multidisciplinary approach is typically required to effectively manage kidney disease and preserve kidney function. By combining medication therapy, dietary modifications, and other lifestyle changes, patients can take control of their kidney health and improve their overall well-being.
|Slows down progression, protects kidney function
|Reduces workload on kidneys, minimizes risk of complications
|Filters waste products and excess fluid from the blood
|Replaces failed kidney with a healthy one
|Exercise, weight management, smoking cessation, stress reduction